Saved 9/26/17 1:50 AM to English

Using the Chart  See details »

Video subtitles:
  • 00:10: here we are and here's the chart in question the first thing to point out is that this chart is two things in one it's a mental map so students can look at this and in one visual impression they can see our that's what I got to
  • 00:30: learn and there's only that there aren't any more pages there isn't a page behind this one that's all there is page 1 page 1 is all there is secondly it's a physical map so that the layout on this the geography of the chart actually relates to how sounds are made and let me just take you on a quick tour as you can see it's a rectangle and as you can probably also see it's divided into three top left top right and the whole bottom section so top left
  • 01:00: we have the mono thongs the single sounds e be O and so on now the geography here is as follows that represents the front of the mouth that represents the back of the mouth the top of the mouth the bottom of the mouth so if you're like the person is looking this way now if the tongue is high we're going to get the high vowels e e who and here's
  • 01:30: the tongue moving back in the mouth E if we open the mouth a bit we get something a bit lower yeah and then these central sounds and whether everything is quite relaxed oh and then at the back or tongue far back and then if we open the mouth still further kind of a third level ah again time at the front tongue moves back to o-town in the back so we've got mouth fairly closed
  • 02:02: mouth middle mouth fairly open and the only thing I forgot to say or that I should still say is that in English at any rate when the tongue is forward the lips are fairly spread ie when the tongue is back the lips are fairly rounded whoa and that's how it is in English same here the lips are spread and the tongue is front ah except the mouths more open as I said then when we go back here the tie
  • 02:31: is back but the lips come forward or so here we have a geographical map of how the vowels are made according to the movement of the jaw the tongue in the mouth these are the diphthong x' just made up of two sounds two vowels as you can see and a a oh and these are arranged by the second sound here the second sound is earth here the second sound is P here the second sound is o
  • 03:01: and there just eight of those in British English down here we've got the consonants and these are again arranged front of the mouth to back at the mouth so here we've got in this row the plosives the stop sound / - duh and from the front of the mouth to little right to the back of the mouth soft palate good so here are the plosives and here
  • 03:31: are the fricative sounds the ones that we can continue again front of the mouth through the back of the mouth here are the nasal sounds from the front of the mouth to the back of the mouth and here in a particular relationship to each other are these two sounds which are also semivowels wah-wah and iya yeah so these semivowels but they
  • 04:02: counted as constants in English they're also the linking sounds in words and here we've got our good friends la Agora which are also actually quite connected so overall there is a geographical map and as students move their way around they can find very often that neighbors in the mouth are neighbors on the chart especially here in the vowels neighbors in the mouth are also neighbors Machop
  • 04:30: problems are often between sounds that are close to each other on the chart lastly what the chart helps to do is to help students to see that with prom there isn't really a syllabus everything's needed all at once of course you can't have it all at once it takes a while to develop but you need to see everything minimal pairs are useful in passing but you need to see all of these because all of these sounds affect each other so you need to learn
  • 05:00: them as one cash dollars as one group as one whole so the chart is also if you like a holistic approach to pronunciation learning so have fun