elena safonova

Saved 12/17/16 12:59 PM to Handwork

Master class Bas-relief of a tree of Klimt PART 1(3) Creation of a bas-relief the hands  See details »

Video subtitles:
  • 00:00: Hello to my subscribers! In today’s video I’m going to share my new work with you! I’m going to tell you how to make this bas-relief of a tree of decorative plaster and gypsum plaster based on a picture of Austrian artist Gustav Klimt. Well, on the idea of the designer, 3D visualization of which you can see on your screens, it was supposed to make a decorative panel picture
  • 00:32: “The Tree of Life» inspired by Klimt. The challenge was set to isolate the tree from the artist’s designs which you can see and therewith not to disharmonize his creation. Here is what I got. Then on this sketch I made stencils in vector art with the help of
  • 01:03: COREL DRaw programme. The bas-relief base is 5 mm thick medium density fiberboard (MDF) 1850x1500 mm. Ribbed stiffeners were made of 30x30 mm wooden bar on the back side of the board. It’s necessary to apply water-repellent impregnation
  • 01:36: on the MDF in two layers so that it doesn’t deface from applying materials. Next you need to dry it out and apply special acrylic primer based on quartz sand on it. This will make a rough surface for better key with applied material. Then we draw lines along the edges with the width of the future frame of the picture that will cover the attaching points to the wall.
  • 02:08: Then the middle line of a picture is drawn. In the following steps the design printed full size is put on the sketch-board in vector art and it is intersected. We turn the sketch sheet over and apply sepia layer on it. This is one of the oldest methods of a pattern transfer that ancient craftsmen
  • 02:42: used. On this stage we make something like carbon paper. According to the previous videos, viewers often had a question what sepia is. Sepia is an art material in the form of russet chalk. You can see it on your screens. It is made from special clay. There is material that is identical to sepia – red chalk.
  • 03:14: It fits for a pattern transfer as well as sauce-crayons of different colors. All these materials are sold in art shops. Next we turn over the sketch on the top side, combine it with formerly applied intersection points and transfer the tree picture on the sketch-board. The resulting
  • 03:46: outline will assist with exact sticking of the stencil according to the design afterwards. Next we make selection of stencils on the adhesive film that were prepared previously in a copy shop in files created in vector art. Stencils are cut in parts and
  • 04:16: application film is stuck on every part. Start work from the middle, that is to say, from the tree trunk. We take the stencil off the base and stick it right in the middle, combining with a formerly applied picture. Next we take scraper blade and smooth the stencil, thoroughly pressing it to the sketch-board.Then we take off the application film
  • 04:51: carefully, holding the stencil with the scraper blade. The application film should move parallel with the base so that the stencil doesn’t come off or deface. Smooth the stencil one more time, removing air bubbles. In the following steps we apply decorative plaster
  • 05:23: with a metal trowel. To make the bas-relief base reliable I’ve chosen facade decorative plaster based on quartz sand as it sticks firm on MDF. Then we notch the stencil on the sides and take it off carefully from the base. Next we adjust the bas-relief
  • 05:57: sides with a palette knife and leave it to dry out for at least a day. Next day we start to form the other bas-relief parts. To that end we take the stencil off the base, put it exactly on the picture, smooth with a scraper blade, and take
  • 06:31: the application film off carefully parallel with the base. As the stencil is of big size and has lots of small details, it’s necessary to cut off the released film with scissors from time to time. Then we smooth the stencil with a scraper blade,
  • 07:02: removing all the air bubbles. Next we notch with a box cutter, thereby removing extra stencil lintels. It is not advisable to remove them in windings because it will be difficult to take the stencil off in a quality manner. Then we place special picture hangers that will be used for hanging photographs in triangular decorative tree elements.
  • 07:36: And fix them with self-tapping screws by using a screw gun. We put special primer for non-ferrous metals on the hangers for better adhesion of applying materials. And dry it at least one hour. In the following step we apply decorative plaster with a palette knife, covering
  • 08:07: all the stencil holes. Metal rings of hangers are not covered with material. Next preventing decorative layer from drying we take the stencil off. A box cutter is handy in it as it can notch and hook stuck film.
  • 08:37: This is how the stencil after stencil are applied and finally the tree looms on the horizon. Now it came to the bird and it will be made from gypsum plaster. As you can see we stick the stencil first, then smooth it, take an application film off, and smooth it with a scraper
  • 09:14: blade one more time. As MDF is not the most appropriate base for the gypsum plaster, we need to make reinforcement. We draw 2x2 cm squares with a pencil and put dots in the corners We take thin drill and make small holes.
  • 09:44: Then we screw self-tapping screws with a screw gun by halves. In the following stages we thoroughly enlace self-tapping screws with metal wire strain it tightly, and fix the tips properly. We take special primer for
  • 10:22: non-ferrous metals and apply it on self-tapping screws and metal wire for better adhesion of applied material. Next we prepare gypsum plaster. We take a half of a rubber ball, pour 2 parts of water and add 4 parts of gypsum plaster. The rubber container is very convenient in use as the
  • 10:55: dry-out plaster is easily removed from it. Take a wooden stick and stir up the matrix. When the plaster is ready we apply it with a palette knife, putting a lot of plaster at one time so that the reinforcement is completely covered with the material. Then we smooth the plaster, forming the bird’s body.
  • 11:32: Then we notch the stencil and start to take it off carefully. Now we correct bas-relief edgings with a palette knife, completely forming the bird’s body and let it dry a little to the extent that plaster grabbed but still moist.
  • 12:04: We put a picture on the bird’s body according to Klimt design and cut out dried bas-relief with sculpture modeling stick. As you can see, the material is easy to work with. You can make selection of different pictures with a metal modeling stick. At this stage don’t limit your imagination as you can shape
  • 12:38: any texture. You can use a sharp scalpel for carving bird’s feathers as it is very handy for accurate removal of required amount of material. In this work a woodcarving cutter can be essential as well. In such a way we shape the bird and let it dry for at
  • 13:14: least a day. In the following step we sand-paper the bird bas-relief thoroughly with zero size abrasive paper. Next we picture the bird’s feathers with a wood-engraver. If you don’t have one, you can replace it with an awl or any other sharp object.
  • 13:45: Next we make embayment on the feathers that subsequently will be used for incrustation. We put deep penetration impregnation on the prepared bird for material reinforcement and the surface dust purging. Next we apply all missing sketches, dry them out and sand-paper the
  • 14:22: bas-relief with a honing stick with abrasive net. Next put deep penetration impregnation all over the surface of the work. Now let’s make the wood base. We stick painter’s tape along the perimeter and apply the decorative plaster with a metal trowel. Take off the tape
  • 14:53: preventing the decorative layer from drying. Here is what we get at this stage. Next we apply additional decorative plaster on the tree trunk for volume and let it dry for at least a day. Now it came to the picture ground.
  • 15:27: Cover the bird with a painter’s tape and apply an even layer of decorative plaster all over the ground surface. This time interior decorative plaster based on cellulose is used. It is more tender, thinner and holds embossed pattern well. Take the painter’s tape off the
  • 16:01: bird bas-relief and correct applied decorative plaster with a palette knife. Next need textile volume lace that you need to moisten in water and squeeze out. Hook the top of the sketch board for a piece of the material, smooth it and roll it with a rubber roller, pressing
  • 16:36: the lace into the applied decorative plaster. Then we carefully take the textile off. As you can see, there is lace reprint on the decorative plaster surface. Prepared ground manufactured in this way should be dried out and sand-papered with fine-meshed abrasive paper, removing all inaccuracies.
  • 17:07: We need to apply ground coat or impregnation on the tree relief as dust if left after sand-papering the ground Next we apply a picture along the tree with a pencil. We take interior decorative plaster based on cellulose, dilute with water and apply with a cookie press along the tree relief. At this stage we need
  • 17:39: to make texture as interesting as possible of decorative plaster. Here is what we got. We dry out the bas-relief and sand-paper it with a honing
  • 18:10: stick with abrasive paper, removing the decorative plaster excess and correcting all inaccuracies. We need to vacuum the dust out of all the relieves as there is much of it after sand-papering. Next we apply deep penetration impregnation thereby preparing it to further paint
  • 18:43: and incrustation. At this stage we cut out photo frames out of cardboard template and do the fitting on the bas-relief. The frames are produced with laser of thin plywood in a special workshop. Watch in the second part of the video: How to paint the bas-relief;
  • 19:15: How to make incrustation; How to paint a bird And a lot of more…Subscribe to my channel and you will be the first to watch new videos! Every success in your creative work! Click the “like” button, write comments! Bye!