The developing animated films - Natural study for the smallest - YouTube  See details »

 
Video subtitles:
  • 00:00: she is a
  • 00:31: god gift for the day births microscope first always congratulated me my friend and hare I give you this microscope and I wish to study well with his you can help study very interesting school subject natural history
  • 01:01: or natural sciences science and natural I thank you about nature I know from a microscope that not telescope telescope this is with you stars a microscope to see any microbes look at Well, not only microbes and Not only consider studying and explore microscope is in Greek means micro, that is small and staple see or watch
  • 01:32: means to see small in this tube magnifying lens glass they increase it by what we are looking at me yet gave a cake a pen and here is this photo but of course most of all I am pleased with the microscope because there I found imagine a new friend meet and there long time you can not see hello, listen, I will
  • 02:02: told you about it you will do it better yes listen to me it is interesting although I myself saw only in a microscope everything on earth and in space consists of people like me atoms and even land and even endless universe atom atoms and then you For the first time it was noticed scientists of ancient Greece
  • 02:32: and they also called me and there and in Greek atoms means indivisible sometimes many atoms of one matter gathers together and form this substance and sometimes different atoms are grouped together and make up the molecules aus of molecules new more complex substance and what is the substance is that of bodies consist of all bodies
  • 03:03: you think it's become to me clearer but the body is substance having some the shape of the stone is the body flower body you too body but something of what the body is this substance and interesting from what I am in mostly from the water here water is a substance why I did not flow not becoming men you will understand this yourself
  • 03:33: if you agree come with me to my laboratory and volume yes, I 'll fit her would you become less than himself can Gogh ok understood then I'll tell you a secret this is magical microscope is the one who utter spells can enter it and be in our microscopic
  • 04:03: world, follow me ala bala nica ala bala ница board banish nushka hospital blue linen miracle microscope Welcome to microcosm well what are you there spoke about molecules and
  • 04:34: atoms about some kind of substance now explained a drop of water you know well guessed though in general she did not seem to me so huge here is a drop of water this body and then from what is a drop the substance it consists of from molecules of such small balls such as you do not have each molecule is formed from
  • 05:04: a huge number atoms here is a molecule water for example from hydrogen atoms and oxygen atoms and although hydrogen and oxygen gases but if mix occurs there they turn into the liquid water then water evaporates that is oxygen atoms and hydrogen atoms alone after another takes off from molecules and are worn by air until he gets bored with sweat again they will converge somewhere all together blend
  • 05:34: and turn into water molecules molecules will merge into a drop and so on without end and Rome is compulsory mix they are for the gases frivolous the substances they fly winds whither the wind will strike collide with each other and compulsion mix but eat serious atoms solid such atoms Do not run around without it
  • 06:05: they do not fly gather together and is simple and reliable substance consisting of atoms only one group iron and let if you make iron such as a nail or Tanya button is already body let's try draw a diagram shape button material iron molecule there are no molecules
  • 06:35: there is not a solid companies of harsh atoms iron and here is another table body drop of water water consists of molecules what is a molecule this mixed water group of merry atoms oxygen and hydrogen I understood correctly correctly and that out of 5 of them atoms and molecules I consist of a very
  • 07:05: many and very different but the main thing is that you a living being a Living being is much more difficult than lifeless in thousands of thousands of the most diverse atoms molecules and most the main thing is all these atoms be sure are connected with atoms carbon without carbon all of them were you anything stone metal fluid
  • 07:35: different but not a living organism listen and carbon is what it is up to same and there as well as others I said everything in the world consists of atoms but fire there arching out solids eg metal atoms others form gases the third fluid is well carbon atoms are connected with atoms other substances life gives birth to life
  • 08:05: plants life animal life in algae and bacteria Just do not ask me tell more more info to understand everything you need to know well biology and chemistry and their you will pass when will it high school then I consist of carbon at different other atoms and more from something and dries and
  • 08:36: I thought you all understood Look what's going on when in porridge from different atoms are added carbon seems OK right and everything because there is not enough two more elements oxygen and hydrogen that is, water what is missing elements
  • 09:06: did you hear that word elementary is means the simplest way here's the element is something protozoa elementary is adds water porridge the bolo stirred Well yes, now it's wanting porridge okay i realized i I consist of such no porridge of atoms is wrong of atoms are
  • 09:37: molecules and then what to understand what next come on we will recollect so it is under construction the house is valid from bricks but you need brick for this is taken Form and and fill clay and clay it mixture of different elements and elements these are the same atoms except of atoms of carbon would be imagine what had to endure to receive up alive
  • 10:08: feet of bin atoms carbon does not go oxygen and hydrogen also not for long delayed among foreign atoms and molecules while they are inside clay remains wet but soon these frivolous gas becomes bored in someone else's society and without them in without water clay naturally dries and here you also have a brick put the oxygen furnace Fire hydrogen is afraid how is it nu da duck from fire and therefore
  • 10:38: the last of their atoms in panic run from bricks heavy clumsy elements do not escape have time to adzhar they melt their appetite stick together with friend and even fried and then red brick here Here and so our brick is also ready thousands other bricks and now you can house up than we said a then what kind of porridge am I
  • 11:09: We are so continue atoms formed molecules of matter molecules incurred form becomes and so alive bricks series I I'll show you this the brick is plant cell or plant cell in it has a form or shell in shell cytoplasm is such thick liquid in which float in vacuoles bubbles with nutritious substances with which they feed the cell and
  • 11:39: yet every cell there is a kernel as there is no living creatures without a heart so there are no cells without hydra but also the core itself also in fact consists of molecules and atoms Well, of course atoms assembles into molecules molecules form substances from which live cells Well, here we end cell story cytoplasm protects The nuclei and the nucleus damage to cytoplasm is not its surrounds the shell but
  • 12:09: the shell has microscopic pores through which are thick cytoplasm does not leak out but the water with dissolved in it nutritious substances in a cage seep so from the cracked the glass does not leak out evaporated milk in difference from water a cells means his table cargo is thumping and may increase to huge sizes can i cell a cell with ears there is not, of course, in
  • 12:39: first we talk about plants and secondly in the second cell of course grows but its thin shell will not survive it it will break through the cytoplasm will flow out I am not protected by anything The water will evaporate and the cell will die cell is necessary maintain a small size and therefore she growing up begins share first the core is divided then I am surrounded by itself with all the necessary you are margins for stocks
  • 13:09: food cytoplasm go shock protection I wrapped that will protect from evaporation of water and will hold the cage in form as a brick just now the cells those and means in the plant doubles more cells and what will be with a two-storey house if bricks are taken in twice as many he will become four-story so grows a plant
  • 13:40: so does the cell grow similar to egg yolk floats in the protein they surrounded shell I never did not see the face and so close now I see that I am a shell also has a pore through these couples goes He does not need breathing water is nutritious substances are in protein ir is sufficient to live like a hulk
  • 14:10: film to the same shell bis pores was would be too strong the chicken could not breaking through and out out and could not become chicken and take the egg for sure But you do not want ask how it turns out that when cells divide new young cells retain all quality old yes they even look like them
  • 14:41: but why did I say cell nucleus it's like your heart but is there a kernel consider near there we will see inside such small bull they keep the chromosomes all information about cell when divided core in each halves shared kernel is equal to number of chromosomes and they all remember cell history character and habits they are like a brain cells brain in the heart but you can
  • 15:11: say and so in general each new cell almost exact copy old but because carrot cells all contain the same substances that you you know the taste of a bunny is rare different from cells cabbage because everything bunny are similar to each other friend do not look like cabbage then we have different
  • 15:42: chromosomes naturally otherwise they would have had cabbage better by the way natural science is there is knowledge natural now look here so you better not to remember for if you look you can carefully see what cytoplasm of neighboring cells is connected invisible strings through cell pores shells but what is between
  • 16:13: cells this intercellular substance in it cells better protected well, finally talk about the tissues you see what that cell group arranged so different Group otherwise these are groups are called tissues for example plant stem is arranged as if core layers soft and juicy consisting of large cells with fine shell it the main tissues they
  • 16:43: protected more hard tissues consisting of cells with thickened shell without them basic fabrics would become formless mass this cloth mechanical and finally coverslips fabrics it's like leather on yours body this fabric protects other tissues their cells from the cold from
  • 17:13: hot sun rays from damage strangely I am now I can easily submit as is arranged for example carrots well at least carrot here cover cloth Here mechanical and here i am basic this they determine what color and size will grow carrot and who is this carrot congress you that seriously yes I'm joking kidding
  • 17:44: Okay about the carrot I I understood that you still was going to me show do not rush you are not all you know the plant cells went for behold here lies the earth
  • 18:34: a grain, she too consists of three layers but here in the ground gets water together with nutritional substances it penetrates the pores cored grain or ancestor seed eagerly eat and drink to them this is necessary for growth and they really grow it becomes cramped in center of the grain and they push apart mechanical and detailed fabric and rise upwards and that's where
  • 19:06: with what speed and for what it knows brain plant which you already know is in cages main fabric as computer that just turn on that he began to decide tasks to show pictures sing speak like a diddur so is built into it program here is the core cells with chromosomes only she knows what do next so commander she sends ahead a whole army of cells this is the cell whose task
  • 19:37: build a stem plant so ladder on which they will bring to the top other cells with another set of atoms new cells will be consist of the same substances like grain and degree but something will distinguish them from remaining relatives another set of atoms and Here is another color and other shape of the stem and surrounds himself leaves leaves protects stalk from burning rays of the sun and to that same flat leaves easy to catch from
  • 20:07: new air nutrients feed and strengthen stalk and its apex dissolves flower bright beautiful every cell has property common to all cells of this plants but they all seem to are divided into different army and receiving teams from headquarters alone other line up in leaves 3 flower a in flower a seed is formed grain and when flower dries giving
  • 20:38: grain all your force she will fall to the ground will absorb in yourself nutritious matter Well, it's clear a why the flower is so bright and bright he is beautiful because that he is attracted to to themselves insects they fly to him transferring from a flower to flower of their pollen and they need different substances from which and nutrition in the plant will become more delicious as salt or sugar in your food and semen grow healthier
  • 21:09: and still the flower smells not only smells flower just flowers smells stronger because that the skin of his thinner than stems or leaves and fragrant atoms more through gentle these gases are peeled are carried in the air the closer to the theme flower there are more of them in the air the stronger the smell and insects means finds him and by smell
  • 21:39: yes for bright colors and but pleasant smell not always beautiful flower pleasant smell means that here insects are waiting solid pleasure sometimes beautiful the plant is a predator she attracts an insect to break it to crack a plant just such a plant produces for example adhesive in stuck legs the insect will begin
  • 22:09: stick out and wings and then exhausted and the insect becomes prey plants and still it happens that flower or plant beautiful but secrete poisonous substances in order to no one could eat usually animals in the forest know such plants and try to avoid and only and it is necessary and I know terrible story which occurred many years ago in
  • 22:39: our forest my grandmother told me I lived in our forest poisonous mushroom amanita he had a bright but a beautiful hat everyone knew of course that approach fly agaric is dangerous with fly agaric no one he was friends for days on end conducted in loneliness was bored Of course he was bored with boredom and asked everyone passersby foolish questions and here one day
  • 23:09: past passed malicious and hungry wolf please tell me asked the fly agaric why do you have such big eyes to me your business barked and why do you have such big ears yes what do you want? and why you are so huge tooth and asked curious and mushroom to eat you screamed grandmas
  • 23:39: swallowed the fly agaric so died of fly agaric from boredom and curiosity and the wolf a long time was ill and when he recovered I could not look at mushrooms although not all the same and mushrooms poisonous no, of course mushrooms in the world a huge number and different types of there are huge
  • 24:12: there is microscopic eat edible and delicious and there is absolutely not fit for food some live on the soil others on the trunk tree or on its roots The third on the body and in organism of animals and even people are very nasty and dangerous mushrooms are more precise fungi because of them the body is terrible it itches some mushrooms
  • 24:42: eat rotting cells and so cleans the soil of rot others extract your food you happy and helpful substances from another's the body flu is not a plant although not animals because the plant feed inorganic then there are inanimate substances oxygen and carbon and nitrogen iron atoms and other metals living organic that is themselves their plants remnants of the dead and
  • 25:12: living cells animals but he did not animals because does not go does not fly does not crawls and does not swim but is worth in place of the roots in what is it worth these roots on the very business is not rooted in mycelium is the main you know the body of a mushroom not very clear and you listen and remember sometimes like this listen not all you will understand but then everything do you think about this then my mom ask that book
  • 25:42: you will read and suddenly once somehow somehow by itself becomes clear and understandable from grievances you had to would spend many years here under a microscope and listen to my explanation do not think what are you going to do it no me my mother will be looking for a the same to me and others subjects need to be taught geometry of physics astronomy Well, even more so and physics for example help better understand what We are with you today
  • 26:12: said physics studies properties different materials we are just talked about that some substances there are soft others solid some loose others elastic, that is have different properties of what so does it study physics and we'll talk with you about this only a little bit simple to find out that so it happens and why so
  • 26:42: it happens some other time Well, here's a microscope costs and he somewhere walks stipulated I will study I wonder what he has
  • 27:14: there about salute how it got there eagle owl and I'm here natural science teach meet this my friend and there very nice and there and I was afraid to look site is not at home no you can say I at home you sit I'll wait soon Well and from what is all
  • 27:52: some substances are hard others are soft here this and talk The fact is that while there and constituent groups attract each other friend as a magnet alone stronger others are weaker because some turns into hard dense mass while others are soft or loose but if solid keep squeezing atoms begin resist and
  • 28:22: repel one friend substance is not only firm but also elastic atoms of it attracted and repulse with such by force as we shall see prompts them character and what some longer attract and others less scientists have not yet fully We figure it out well, but you yourself are not I know, I know, but if the atoms are all their own Mystery Stories Putin once the will be nothing it will open to them
  • 28:52: it is not interesting for me to live they do it and they become hooligans or whole days begin hunt hares oh no, really better themselves guess do you think that here less danger you are mistaken our peaceful not only with plants mushrooms animals but also
  • 29:23: bacteria heard about such well very little i for example I know what some bacteria get into milk and turn it into a cottage cheese or sour cream yes but other bacteria fall into food and do it and perfectly unsuitable food decays because useful material bacteria devour a themselves at the same time isolate substances committed hull and even dangerous feed on bacteria
  • 29:58: organic living to living complex substances and destroys their complex substances in this case break up into simple but for example birth They eat just these simplest substances well, so they Yes, these are useful but have bacteria that
  • 30:28: live in a living organism secrete poisonous substances they poison the body many pathogenic bacteria pathogens up to creating disease pathogenic they become the most severe diseases angel go and cholera tuberculosis and jungle these are terrible diseases from some of them there is no salvation and
  • 31:00: my skin is such a erysipelas that from envy even I stick even close ones friends bite us right away
  • 31:31: get in the ditch Nuts battle between consumption will catch up with you and eat that they will eat and eat who is it many defenders plants contain
  • 32:02: medicinal substances that become on the way predatory bacteria join with them fight and often win they fall into organism together with plant foods from edible herbs fruit with carrots from the pass and although they are afraid harmful bacteria but better of course try not to fall ill in the morning and in the evening brush your teeth and rig let me wash my hands fruit and vegetables are only nm and
  • 32:34: tammy some scald with boiling water to wash off or even destroy pathogenic bacteria yes by the way and in the water the plant after all and in the water meet and even in sea ​​salt these plants and are called some of them live at the bottom and as well as terrestrial plants have roots others freely swim eat
  • 33:04: microscopic algae living snow in the ice after all snow and ice is frozen water a the most amazing this algae which settles in wool animal for example white hair bear is such a thin thin tubule filled air so decide warmer and swim it's easier that way in these tufted hairs creep invisible seaweed and white bear becomes
  • 33:34: greenish algae green but there are also red sometimes water in the sea seems reddish from algae sometimes red seaweed takes wind in the sky sometimes they fall into the clouds or cloud together with evaporating in hell and then it can fall out red rain and snow that's why the plant
  • 34:05: still prefer have strong roots them and for the soil hold on and nutrients mined it is difficult even submit as manage the roots plants to extract power and the driest anhydrous soil some plants manage survive even in the desert on scorching sands their roots penetrate
  • 34:35: huge depth there where there is a layer of earth and where it already appears moisture roots can be different types and forms here for example your favorite carrot she is in general the roots grow she is not outside but in earth roots main and lateral carrots just is main root and these hairs it's lateral but sometimes the plant lacks common roots and then he
  • 35:05: appear subordinate roots is such processes of the stem who, too grows the earth and helps others keep the roots plant stem and extract from the soil food there are even trees which take root of the branches a then as if We rely on them and some trees produce water directly from the air they catch rainwater aerial roots dangling lights there is still a respiratory plant roots
  • 35:36: living on too moist soil for example in a swamp respiratory roots protrude out of the water and provide plant oxygen which they extract out of thin air everything you know but now and you know quite a few and cells about plants about bacteria and zolux roots and you are there listen carefully and
  • 36:07: better for dying then to me tell me be sure and there I would invite you are welcome to visit us but we're here, after all. I did not see it to see me clearly you can only in microscope but nothing is friendship it Do not interfere of course not prevents me from doing not far from here in TV Well, about the plants we
  • 36:41: talked about but about animals have forgotten you are interested, after all Well, you know what's on land resides more than 3 million species of animals 3 million species yes namely species and each the species can consist of millions and millions of animals say a million and cats millions hamsters but the most interesting that the body of an animal
  • 37:12: also consists of cells and even eat unicellular or protozoa they can be seen only in a microscope they are so small that having no experience you do not immediately distinguish animal cells from vegetable multicellular animals are those stomachs and which are you you meet around myself every day and I because an animal and even your friend is like him same bird in science it is considered that a bird
  • 37:42: this feathered animal animal covered feathers generally animals they there are so many different microscopic amoeba or here also in the pattern shoe it's called shoe and called watch it seems like yes, just like cushion of a shoe Well, that's already
  • 38:13: animals and huge whale giant too animal and unless to drink not fish he lives in the water and floats no, I'll explain it to you why it is common to divide animals on amphibians and reptiles warm and still warm-blooded can be mammals and birds mammals that is feeding this milk is those animals that nurtured
  • 38:43: small cubs milk birds hatch from eggs with a chick of her feed insects or I can eat meat from some breeds mom's other mum and dad rub grows feathered matured races egg if she's mother yes of course you can now say if she a female I know and my dad the male you are right it's like a boy and
  • 39:15: girl male and female a worm he is also an animal animal do not laugh I'm already spoke on earth great amount species of animals among them and worms as well as at others animals have no worms neither roots nor leaves they have a tail and head although not immediately you will understand where they have them the head is round worms there is a flat and there is ringed body no
  • 39:45: skeleton but that the body of a worm had a shape the figure before challenge to have beautiful figure worm how you are dressed in narrow leather pouch but flat and round worms I submit I could and you said what are worms thumbnail most interesting want and every day meeting sous it's earthworms which come out of lands after their donation The body consists of
  • 40:17: many muscle rings and move around such worms compressing and unfastening the rings like harmonic fire and need these worms what is the use of them Well, at least this benefits of earthworms getting food loosening the ground and in the gap ate and soil better mixed nutrients and because of this earth live better plant dressed in bag of worms not yet
  • 40:48: the strangest animals are animals like stone is the guard Th body is covered calcareous protective a skeleton animal dies and skeleton It is gradually skeletons stick together in such a solid mass such sizes that Coral reefs crashed ships there are jellyfish transparent floating jelly hitting the shore jellyfish dies turning into formless liqueur without all but a skeleton there is also a jellyfish and corals
  • 41:19: related animals related to the group coelenterates because both those and others the same device inside bodies of such organs but one empty the intestinal cavity is such Arabic Osh jellyfish burns yes from her small spikes on tentacles of which she releases poison venom paralyzes prey and now it is already possible motionless marine
  • 41:49: trifle send intestinal cavity is so jellyfish feeds once worm An animal can and insects also animals are funny to you but they really are animals and you will even funnier when you you will learn that spiders and flies refers to the same group of animals that irake with crabs group of arthropods I have nothing I will even be surprised I guess that arthropods they are called for
  • 42:19: The structure of their legs is many of them individual segments fine but also they similar to the fact that their body covers a solid carapace the nature of such a pondered over some animal shells others as soft as rubber for example octopus squid the snake is probably at the ground there is a skeleton and for that that she creeps along and land and include in group reptiles or reptiles that is
  • 42:50: crawling to this group include lizards and turtles and crocodiles this group very difficult to distinguish of amphibians and frogs frogs newts skin in reptiles it is scaly amphibians are naked moist amphibians live in water and on the land of course amphibians and animals will talk
  • 43:21: listen let's another since so many do not remember i'm home I'll go okay then to meetings go have a rest before physics 5 under shady old tree get some fresh air about how find out how many years tree in height or in thickness yes no tall tree may be young and by the thickness you will understand that the tree is old but you can not find out
  • 43:51: how old is he but in departure tree cut down the rings on a cut it is possible to learn with his age each ring one year of life okay I will not be him raised and so I will not sit I know how old he is green means not old well, that's good but before return listen still I very much shortly dying trees rot and becomes part of soil but you probably
  • 44:21: do not know what the trees are dead in fires millions of years ago thickened layer of earth and gradually turned into very hard coal minerals here are the rotting bodies animals for the same time floor below ground and even in the sea under his bottom became oil Ukhta it turns out that oil came from dinosaurs it turns out that happened and now read peacefully
  • 44:51: squint up prepared flew us 3 mammals hi well how the microscope looked well no iridium
  • 45:21: I do not know, I think fell asleep and did not you I came like I saw yes no you that I I was engaged in the physics of the job here just finished and immediately to you and I probably fell asleep what did you see there the science
  • 45:53: yes there is nothing for you got scared yes no it can not be seen in any way wake up sit down my feathered friend