Nadejda Ahmetshina

Saved 7/3/15 4:01 AM from giving strawberry

Care of raspberry. How to grow up and look after raspberry in the spring.  See details »

 

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  • 00:00: Hello. It's "Four Seasons" and I - its leading Igor Korobov. Many gardeners are grown on their plots raspberries. this culture
  • 00:31: rather unpretentious and is fully consistent with our climate and terrain. An example of this - thickets of wild wild raspberries, There are great without any help from gardeners. Many owners of private plots
  • 01:15: knowing it is considered that of raspberries can not take care of. Why expend energy, when she grows up? And at the same time make a serious mistake. Grow it, of course, also grow. Thickets are obtained thick and lush. But now they will bear fruit very bad. Yes, and appeared berries gather in the thorny jungle It would be difficult. In order to achieve a good harvest for raspberries is necessary to look carefully and purposefully.
  • 01:47: And for this we need to understand that it represents the plant. Raspberries - it's a shrub. Its peculiarity lies in the fact that aboveground part of her two-year and the root portion - long-term. Therefore, biologists call it - shrub. So the raspberries growing in the same place up to 25 years. The truth is not recommended to keep it for so long.
  • 02:17: Over time, raspberry degenerates and is beginning to bear smaller harvest, and do become smaller berries. The average age of raspberry 10 years. But this - a considerable period. So, before you take plot raspberry bushes, We need to understand that the next 10 years at this point you do not plant will be. The root system of raspberry rod. But most of the feeder roots plant It is in the top 30 cm of soil.
  • 02:47: Therefore, raspberries need fertile soil, and which retains moisture well. And yet, close proximity to the surface of the root system is vulnerable to frost. Therefore, the portion under the raspberry bushes should be chosen such, where snow lingers. Namely - near buildings or fences. Spring snow also moisten the soil. In raspberries contains 5% sugars
  • 03:18: which are dominated by fructose and glucose There are organic acids - malic, citric, tartaric, and others. Raspberry improve appetite and a beneficial effect on the activity of gastrointestinal tract. Raspberry is rich in vitamin C, and yet it contains soletsilovaya acid thanks to which it is a medicine №1 colds and flu. Malina is an excellent antipyretic Analgesic, anti-inflammatory and diaphoretic. They say that raspberry helps with infertility, impotence
  • 03:48: and Nevrast. Therefore, from its fruits and leaves Special recipes prepare herbal teas, infusions and decoctions. Saves raspberries and those who suffer violations heart rate. And finally, another current argument in favor of a raspberry - This miracle berry can help to cope summer heat and quench their thirst. Therefore, raspberry compote as a tasty, and useful. There are many ways of planting raspberries. But among them there are two main - tape and shrubs. When planting a bush plants form around certain support In this case, the pit falls Escape
  • 04:21: that is filled with fertilizer. The plant has leaves of 8-10 shoots, which form the bush. When the tape landing Raspberries will grow in line. At the same time, all side and weak shoots It will have to be removed. This method is more time-consuming, but brings higher yields. Raspberry breeding is already engaged the Romans. It mentions, including fruit plants
  • 04:53: Cato the elder in the 3rd century BC In the 1st century AD Pliny the Elder reveals huge thickets of wild raspberry on the island of Crete, and gives it the name of the plant Rubus Idaeus. Rubus - for red, Idaeus same - in honor of Mount Ida which was inhabited by the gods and the princess Ida, whose name is linked in myth with the color of raspberry. Mivisa daughter of the king, who was charged with Zeus infant education I decided to treat loudmouth berry bushes and quickly robbing He scratched by painting his white blood hitherto fruit. Name Rubus Linnaeus retained his classification of a raspberry,
  • 05:25: so that its bloody stain out of all the stronger and more durable. Raspberry - the ability of plants to grow very quickly with the help of the root system. Gardeners at the same time say that raspberry "runs." Here it is almost not inferior weeds such as couch, or thistles. To keep within the raspberries raspberry, along the borders of 30 cm even dig a trench to a depth of slate or tin, that the roots are not able to overcome. Ground for the raspberries should be carefully prepared.
  • 05:56: Remember that the fertilizer you make It should be enough plants for 10 years. Soil in the trench dug for 2 bayonets, to shuffle the top - more fertile and lower layers. Per square meter We are making one bucket humus quarter chicken manure bucket, half a bucket of sand, one glass of urea and a half-cup of phosphate and potash fertilizers. Planting raspberry seedlings.
  • 06:26: Seedling - a one-year escape with small root system. Some gardeners claim what to plant raspberries all year round. But the traditional planting time - spring and autumn. For landing take well-developed Annual raspberry seedlings, with a fibrous root system length of at least 15-20 cm and a thickness at the base of the shoots at least 1 cm. Saplings, raspberry bush pruned, leaving 25-30 cm long shoots.
  • 06:56: Damaged roots are cut to a healthy place. if there are side shoots they should also be removed. If there are leaves - is removed, sometimes, and leaves. If you purchased or prepared seedlings prior to planting, then just before the moment of its seedlings need prikopat the ground.
  • 07:27: Planted raspberries can be spring, before bud break, and in the autumn - for 15-20 days before the frost-resistant. Spring landing lag impossible! Since if the kidneys bloom before the root system get used to the new place - plant is not transferred well. Raspberries can be planted in the second half of September. Long before the frost. Plants planted at this time is good time to take root, and early spring start to grow.
  • 07:58: After planting, the plants should be watered. And in general - raspberry loves moisture and in hot weather it should be watered at least once in two weeks. After watering the plants should be loosened. However, we must not forget that the roots of raspberries are placed close to the surface and therefore it is not necessary to loosen the deeper in the plants themselves than 5 cm. In between the rows can be loosened and deeper. 10-15 centimeters. To raspberries are not damaged wind
  • 08:33: it is necessary to tie up. For a start it would be a little pegs. But then raspberries should not grow without support. When planting bush support - often peg set in the center of the bush.
  • 09:03: When the band - along the beds set trellis. To which is tied or clinging raspberry. some gardeners create on their Malinniki whole agronomic plant. Along the trench raspberry set trellis in the land of raspberries limit tin sheets a parallel track from the trench poured rubble, in order not to trample on the aisle Met and access to raspberries in any weather. As far as this is unlike the raspberry bushes are overgrown
  • 09:36: which occur at most sites. And the harvest he is able to bring in ten times more. As for the Crimson ring, on the one hand - we all know that this expression has nothing to do with any berry or raspberry color. And it comes from the Belgian city of Malines. So it is Russian, in its own way the same - Michel. This city has long been poured bells and producing a carillon - the mechanisms that drive the picked up by the sound of a series of bells.
  • 10:06: This crimson bells brought to Russia, Peter I. On the other hand - patriot again argue that crimson bells - There is nothing more natural, primordially Russian concept. There is nothing more natural, compare it with the sound of sweet raspberry, its brightness. A Flemish town so just - cling. But the main part of the farming techniques of raspberries - this crop. In this respect, raspberry is somewhat reminiscent of the grapes. The more a person interferes in its natural development, the better it bears fruit. The above-ground part of the raspberry It is growing as it were in two stages.
  • 10:37: In the first year of the land there is a young shoot, which only grows in height. He hibernates, stiffens, ceases to grow up, but it awakening buds and fruit-bearing branches appear. Here they are. The main traditional tips for pruning is not complicated. Remove the young shoots not corresponding to the site landing strips or bush. Trim the tops of fruit-bearing shoots in spring for more harvest
  • 11:07: and delete ruthlessly shoots grown after July. They do not have time to become stronger before winter and still die. But recently, there have been several innovative approaches in growing raspberries. Pruning can be achieved by a raspberry new qualities. For example, growers found that the stronger the spring crop of raspberries escape, the later it is ripe harvest.
  • 11:37: Thus, if you make a pruning the shoots overwintered at different heights, for example - one cut at 10 cm another - a third of the length, third - half and the fourth to leave 10-15 cm, then raspberries to ripen will not immediately, but gradually. So the usual varieties of raspberries we can turn in remontant and receive with raspberry harvest throughout the summer. Very popular now
  • 12:10: method of double cropping, who first proposed the gardener Sobolev on the names of the city of Kurgan. With that method, when in the first year of the young shoot grows up from 80 cm to 1.2 m he cut off the top approximately 5-10 cm. This usually occurs in late May - early June. We escape even the whole summer to grow and instead grow up, he starts to produce side stems.
  • 12:41: With natural raspberry development this does not happen. As a result, in the first year of time to grow 5-6 stalks side to an average of 0.5 m. In the spring, these have side shoots cut to 10-15 cm and they throw fruit twigs. As a result, colors and respectively - berries on one shoot is much more than traditional growth. And she becomes raspberries
  • 13:13: so thick, that when grown with bushes it is recommended not to leave 8-10, and only 4 of escape. Since all of the additional stems will be of different lengths - wherein the method is stored uneven ripening effect. And the harvest will be to gather all summer. Raspberry demanding to soil culture. It grows well in fertile and aerated soils. In conditions nonchernozem zone
  • 13:44: raspberries can be grown on steep slopes - the main thing that they were from the west or south-west side. Such slopes provide flow of cold air and excessive moisture. Raspberry absolutely can not stand low wetlands. Under such conditions, the roots of the plants do not get enough air and die. Plantings in such circumstances, short-lived and unproductive fodder. Raspberry absolutely can not stand lack of moisture in the soil. In this crop irrigation
  • 14:14: It needs mainly in the first half of the summer - before flowering and during ripening berries. Otherwise, the yield may decrease 2-3. If your site is in the non-black soil zone, then only one or two irrigations during the summer. In dry areas conducted pre-winter watering based - 100 liters of water per 1 m.kv.pochvy. By the spring planting the soil is prepared in advance. Because raspberries grow on one and the same place for 10 years, the soil should be well fertilize with organic fertilizers.
  • 14:44: Digging contribute at least 10 kg of manure or torfkomposta, and 40 g of potassium chloride. You can add and double superphosphate, also of 40 g per 1 sq. m. In the spring under the first cultivation of soil make nitrogen fertilizers the rate of 15-20 g of ammonium nitrate or ammonium sulfate. With a good preplant soil filling mineral and organic fertilizers
  • 15:15: further 3-4 years to fertilize raspberries do not need. But in the following years, this crop fertilizer It becomes mandatory. Raspberries are very responsive to the soil mulching. Especially in the first 2-3 years after landing. Mulching can save water, heat and air in the soil modes. As well as helping in the fight against weeds. We are still waiting for our program
  • 15:45: soil samples from your land. We will analyze everything that you sent us and tell you that it is better to grow on your site and how to fertilize the soil. The address listed at the end of the program. And one way of cultivation. which the. yet not gained a lot of popularity. Raspberries were grown in two locations, most distant from each other.
  • 16:15: When the first section is grown shoots of the first year, the second will be fertile shoots of the second year. First years are completely removed. After fruiting, remove the shoots of the second year, section remains empty. And the next year we are waiting for the appearance of young shoots. In this way Malinniki alternate. On one crop appears, on the other is growing young shoots. Such method. At first, It lets give raspberries more room for growth. And spacious, and the sun, this plant loves.
  • 16:47: And secondly - rescues from pests. Every two years, the aerial part raspberry fully updated. But he requires twice as much space in the garden area. Whether it will pay for itself at the expense of the crop - I do not know. We have this method, yet not tested. Malin cause great harm to such pests as the raspberry beetle, weevil and stem midge. Of the diseases common gray mold,
  • 17:19: anthracnose and chlorosis. To prevent infection and illness raspberry bushes desirable to treat them in the spring 3% Bordeaux mixture. Also, during landing, to maintain a distance between the bushes 1 m. Because the bushes planted correctly well covered and ventilated. Less affected by fungal diseases. If, all of a sudden, you noticed on your site diseased raspberry bush, it is desirable to uproot and burn.
  • 17:49: Raspberries return to its original location It can be in 4 years, not before. And if, suddenly, it was seen a viral disease, then this place raspberries not never disembark. If the winter we sheltering raspberries, to bend it to the ground, be sure to all the winter it was covered with snow. I would also advise choose carefully planting material. What would the original raspberry bushes were not infected with diseases. With regard to the general rules:
  • 18:23: first - healthy planting material; the second - compliance with agricultural technology, ie compliance with the seeding rate, adherence to diets watering, fertilizing, Plant screening for diseases and pests. Removal from their land with plantations,
  • 18:56: where grown or that culture, weeds. Because weeds - it is bad, our "friends", who do us harm. Gathering the loop ends planting material. We put healthy seed - healthy seed collected. Because, basically, all diseases are transmitted by seeds. Even if the plant was just in the initial stage,
  • 19:29: development of the disease, in the seeds of this pathogen has already been laid. And purchased their seeds unless they are granulated and processed, It can be treated by a solution of potassium permanganate, against viral disease can be treated in trisodium phosphate.
  • 19:59: Some are soaked in a growth stimulator and sterilizing the juice of aloe. Disease - nakakih patchiness must not be. Neither tidy nor oblong, no. Sheet must be completely clean. If plants are poorly developed root system the plant will be a long time to take root, and possibly even die Because the main part of the plant It is the root system.
  • 20:30: Berries in raspberries are red and white. But, sometimes mistakenly called black raspberry blackberry - other species. Although they Raspberry close relatives, but in the cultivation of blackberry has its own peculiarities. Civilize blackberries in the United States. In the wild it there creates impenetrable thickets.
  • 21:00: In Russia, it began to cultivate relatively recently. Popularizer of this culture was famous Michurin. He believed blackberry more promising than the raspberry crop, for horticulture. The fact that the raspberries. at harvest, collect without tsvetolozhek. = From this, it is easy to spoil and kept all-just 2 days.
  • 21:30: Blackberry collected receptacle, it is much denser, better stored and transported, And almost does not lose its usefulness and taste when frozen. The root system of Blackberry is deeper than that of raspberries. Therefore, the pit or trench under it you need to dig to a depth of 60-80 cm. Blackberries less afraid of drought and easily gets out of the soil nutrients.
  • 22:00: And it, it blooms later raspberries and not as susceptible to spring frosts. There are two varieties of blackberries: erect, she brambles, and creeping - rosinika. Erect grown as raspberries, It requires less attention. Rosinika occupies a large area. But she harvests are usually larger and larger berries. the first year of shoots longer and thicker than that of raspberries. If the blackberry bushes growing, then put two supports.
  • 22:33: One - for the fruit-bearing stems, the other - for the first years. On the trellis comes just as well. To the top trellis wire tie fruit-bearing stems, and the lower trellis wire - first years. And blackberries and raspberries as the fear of frost. Therefore, it is desirable, before winter, plants pinned to the ground wire, covered with thick paper. cardboard
  • 23:07: or, in this case - film and the film press. That it does not get blown away. Milky Way - one of the most amazing phenomena in the cosmos, can have a taste of raspberry. This conclusion was made by German scientists The composition of the dust taken from this giant stellar system. Raspberries - it's a plant, which confirms once again -
  • 23:38: the work of the gardener is always visible, always important, and it bears fruit. If raspberries are not engaged, your raspberry patch will be worse than in the forest. But, if you put work and effort, it is - a very different plant, and an entirely different crop. Your site and your garden and vegetable plants
  • 24:26: require attention and care all four seasons. But then, you are richly rewarded for it.